All of the palm trees in the region were cut down on the orders of Chief Kalamba in an effort to inhibit the consumption of palm wine. In 1875, he introduced and encouraged the smoking of hemp as an alternative, and a series of rituals developed surrounding the practice among the Luluwa.
Since settling into their present location the Luba Kasai have grown more quickly than the Luluwa, at times threatening their sovereignty. Currently, both groups live peacefully in the same area. Primarily farmers, Luluwa women grow manioc as a staple crop, as well as beans, sweet potatoes, maize, yams, peanuts, and bananas. The men are responsible for clearing the forest and preparing the soil for cultivation. They also hunt, fish with nets, and trap animals in the surrounding forests.
At the most basic level, Luluwa society is divided into castes, including nobles, warriors, freemen, foreigners, and domestic slaves. Chiefs are chosen from the noble caste and are responsible for ruling their individual villages.
While individual communities are relatively independent, there is a prime minister who oversees a council that is chosen from the heads of various patriclans. They are then responsible for watching over the various community leaders. The Luluwa recognize both a supreme being (Muloho) and a creator (nvidi mukulu). The ancestors, both mythic and recent, are honored at shrines, while nature spirits connected to the surrounding forests are believed to reside in trees and rocks. There are various religious practices that focus on fertility, the protection of children, and ensuring a successful hunt.
Hemp is used in many ceremonies and at one time was mandatory for members of certain religious groups. Good luck and thanks for looking. 15 USD I reduce to 10 USD.
20 USD I reduced to 14 USD. 25 USD I reduce to 16 USD. 30 USD I reduce to 20 USD. 35 USD I reduce to 25 USD. 40 USD I reduce to 29 USD.
45 USD I reduced to 30 USD. 50 USD I reduce to 34 USD. 55 USD I reduce to 37 USD. 60 USD I reduce to 41 USD. 65 USD I reduce to 43 USD.70 USD I reduce to 46 USD. 75 USD I reduce to 49 USD. 80 USD I reduce to 55 USD. I also look the combine weight and reduce further where possible.
The item "African tribal art, Lulua witch Doctor statue from Democratic Republic of Congo" is in sale since Thursday, June 18, 2020. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\African\1900-Now\Masks". The seller is "eastafricaart" and is located in Umujyi wa Kigali.This item can be shipped worldwide.