Dan People of Coast and Liberia. Dan People of Ivory Coast and Liberia.They can be found in Coast and Liberia they are also known as Gio People they are part of the Niger-Congo family of the Mande Ethnic group their language is related to neighbouring mandes which is Guere, Guro and Mano. They migrated from western Sudan region to the north which is part of Present-day Mali and Guinea the Dan and Mano settled in the savannah region as early as the 8th Century in the 10th Century it is said because of political turmoil, population growth the land depletion caused migration so they migrated South of Present Nimba range into the high forest, Dan Warrior Chief called Grougbay Zobaneeay he fought and defeated them later also pushed the ethnic groups that once lived in Nimba County to as far as Loguato in Coast Cote D'lvoire it is said Kipko Toh'ah Gbeu drove the Krus from what is now Present day Tapitah in Nimba County in Present day Liberia prior His Majesty Tapeh arrival the major war with the settlers in Sanniquellie in Modern-day Liberia. In Dan Culture African Arts plays a big role such as carving wooden masks, Sculptures and traditional wooden spoons followed by the Manhood Intiation boys intiated are guided throughout lives and prepare them to encounter mysteries in both physical and spiritual world they also learn about the rules of an Adult and take good care of their wives all Dancers wear Masquerades while all males attend bon known as bush school. Dan masks have a typically high forehead, pouting mouth and pointed chin. They may also have scarification marks like the line that splits the forehead and nose in our example above. Dan masks are carved in wood and stained with a brown dye. Dan masks are sacred objects.
Dan masks are used for protection and as a channel for communication with the spirit world. The Dan also carry small'passport masks' for personal protection when they are living away from home.
The Dan believe that their world is split into two domains: the human domain which is represented by the village and its people, and the spiritual domain which is represented by the forest and its spirits. When a dancer wears a Dan mask he becomes the spirit of that mask.A masked dancer will speak in the language of the spirits and his words are interpreted by a wise man. Some dancers perform masked rituals on stilts. There are many different Dan masks, each of which has a distinct use during rituals or festivals. Some masks play an important part in tribal rites while others are simply for entertainment.
Dan masks are guarded by the go master, the head of the secret society of the leopard who are responsible for the initiation rites of young men into adulthood. The item "African tribal art, nice Songye crete Battle shield Republic of Congo(3200- F)" is in sale since Friday, February 26, 2021.This item is in the category "Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\African\1900-Now\Masks". The seller is "amiteini" and is located in Ghana. This item can be shipped worldwide.