Welcome To The Premier Place For Serious Collectors of Fine Authentic African Tribal Art. Over 10 Years Online Serving Thousands of Satisfied Customers. Offering the Finest Quality Sub-Saharan African Art. Outstanding African Mali Bamana Mask.Inches: Height 15 Inches Centimeters: Height 38 Centimeters Measurement Mask Only Material: Wood, Pigment, Paint Estimated Age: Early 20th Century Condition: Fair - Good Remarks: Highly stylized form zoomorphic form striking features encrusted dark patina. Documentation of Authenticity / Any Available Provenance Will Be Included With This Piece. CONDITION Wood deterioration, scrapes and chips, age cracks, worn areas, overall condition fair to good. Thank you and please view my other items. BACKGROUND The Bambara people, also called Bamana, form the largest ethnic group within Mali and occupy the central part of the country, in an area of savannah.
They live principally from agriculture, with some subsidiary cattle rearing in the northern part of their territory. The Bambara people are predominantly animists, although recently the Muslim faith has been spreading among them. The Bambara kingdom was founded in the 17th century and reached its pinnacle between 176o, and 1787 during the reign of N'golo Diarra. N'golo Diarra is credited with conquering the Peul people and in turn claimed the cities of Dienne and Timbuktu.However, during the 19th century, the kingdom began to decline and ultimately fell to the French when they arrived in 1892. For the most part, Bambara society is structured around six male societies, known as the Dyow. The stylistic variations in Bambara art are extreme sculptures, masks and headdresses display either stylized or realistic features, and either weathered or encrusted patinas.
Until quite recently, the function of Bambara pieces was shrouded in mystery, but in the last twenty years field studies have revealed that certain types of figures and headdresses were associated with a number of the societies that structure Bambara life. During the 1970s a group of approximately twenty figures, masks and TjiWara headdresses belonging to the so-called'Segou style' were identified.
The style is distinct and recognizable by its typical flat faces, arrow-shaped noses, all over body triangular scarifications and, on the figures, splayed hands. There are three major and one minor type of Bambara mask.
The first type, used by the N'tomo society, has a typical comb-like structure above the face, is worn during dances and may be covered with cowry shells. The second type of mask, associated with the Komo society, has a spherical head with two antelope horns on the top and an enlarged, flattened mouth.
They are used during dances, but some have a thick encrusted patina acquired during other ceremonies in which libations are poured over them. The third type has connections with the Nama society and is carved in the form of an articulated bird's head. The fourth, minor type, represents a stylized animal head and is used by the Kore society. Other Bambara masks are known to exist, but unlike those described above, they cannot be linked to specific societies or ceremonies.Bambara carvers have established a reputation for the zoomorphic headdresses worn by Tji-Wara society members. Although they are all different, they all display a highly abstract body, often incorporating a zig-zag motif, which represents the sun's course from east to west, and a head with two large horns. Bambara members of the Tji-Wara society wear the headdress while dancing in their fields at sowing time, hoping to increase the crop yield. Painter Fred Uhlman words - Most of the artists I admired, Picasso, Modigliani, Deraini, to mention only a few, had collected African art and had been profoundly influenced by it. Shortly afterwards I bought the Baule Fetish and the Baule bobbin which are still two of the finest pieces in my collection.
It is easy to see why I bought them and why from that moment I have never stopped collecting. The head of the bobbin or heddle - pulley which is after all only a functional object for the purpose of weaving seemed to me then and today as beautiful as a Greek goddess.The fetish moved me as deeply as the bobbin by its silent tragic dignity and its air of profound meditation. GUARANTEE AUTHENTICITY AND CONDITION OF ITEMS ARE GUARANTEED TO THEIR DESCRIPTION AND PICTURES. PACKING FRAGILE ART ITEM NEEDS CAREFUL ATTENTION AND WILL NEVER BE FAST, BUT WE DO OUT BEST TO MAKE SURE IT WILL ARRIVE FOR YOU SAFELY. The item "GothamGallery Fine African Tribal Art Mali Bamana Tribal Mask GG" is in sale since Tuesday, July 14, 2015.
This item is in the category "Antiques\Ethnographic\African\Other African Antiques". The seller is "gothamgallery" and is located in Huntersville, North Carolina. This item can be shipped worldwide.