Art often results from the elaboration of otherwise simple utilitarian objects. Extensive wooden sculptures, which often represent the ancestors, predominate. Near the end of the 16th century, the Hemba began their migration from an area to the northeast, probably modern day Tanzania.
In the 1800s under the direction of Niembo and his son, Myhiya, the Hemba moved into their current location along the Congo (Zaire) River. The Luba unsuccessfully tried to incorporate the Southern Hemba into their growing kingdom. The Luba did succeed, however, in greatly influencing the Hemba in numerous ways, including artistic styles.
In the late 19th century, the Hemba were subjugated to raids by Arab slave traders and again by Belgian forces during colonization. The Hemba are primarily subsistence agriculturalists whose main staples include manioc, maize, peanuts, and yams.
These crops are supplemented by small scale hunting and fishing done mostly by the men. Generally, the Hemba acknowledge chiefs who are heads of extended landholding families as their political leaders. Genealogy is recognized both matrilinearly and patrilinearly, but land chiefs inherit their positions through their maternal line. The Hemba recognize a creator god (vidiye mukulu) and a supreme being (shimugabo). Worship is primarily carried out through sacrifices and offerings to ancestor shrines.Diviners play an important role in society, often requiring that certain ancestors be appeased in order to establish balance in the community. The item "African Tribal Art, amazing soko mutu Mask from Southeastern Congo (Zaire)" is in sale since Sunday, December 20, 2020. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\African\1900-Now\Masks". The seller is "my-african-beauty" and is located in Umujyi wa Kigali. This item can be shipped worldwide.