Mask African The Songye created an African mask style. The works of Songye craftsmen are often used within the secret societies during various ceremonies. They produced a large number of African mask belonging to the fetishist, who manipulates them during the rituals of the full moon. Songye fetish African mask is usually male and stand on a circular base.Strips of metal, nails or other paraphernalia are sometimes applied over the face, which counteracts evil spirits and aggressors and channel lightings against them. The top of the head and the abdomen are usually hollowed to allow insertion of fetish material, called Bonga. The figures are used to ensure their success, fertility, and wealth and to protect people against hostile forces as lightning, as well as against diseases such as smallpox. In the Songye language, an African mask is a Songye: this term has been given to masks representing spirits and characterized by striations. Depending on the region, it may be dark with white strips, or the reverse.
The African mask Songye society used them to ward off disaster or any threat. The use of white on the mask symbolizes positive concepts such as purity and peace, the moon and light.
Red is associated with blood and fire, courage and fortitude, but also with danger and evil. Buffalo African mask with a brown patina that has no stripes were used in hunting rituals. The Songye also produce prestige stools, ceremonial axes, made of iron and copper and decorated with interlaced patterns, neck rests, bracelets and copper adzes.
African mask The cosmology of a mask There are two different types of Songye African mask. The Songye African mask comes in various designs and references different aspects of nature, culture and cosmology. Kifwebe masks symbolized the spirits of the dead, the underworld and the struggle between good and evil (Community vs antisocial practices and witchcraft), each element of the mask symbolized these aspects in a certain way.
The intertwining of the rhythmic colours of red, black and white was meant to symbolize the struggle between good (white) and evil (black and red), the combination of these colors embody the positive and dangerous force held with in the mask. The ruggedness of the mask itself symbolizes the underworld and the spirits escape from it Female African mask, Songye or Luba people, West Kasai or Katanga province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, late 19th or early 20th century, wood, pigment - Brook Male and Female kifwebe African mask Male Kifwebe masks were mainly used for initiation ceremonies, circumcision, and the enthronement and funerals of the supreme chief. The face of typical Kifwebe masks is covered with linear incisions, a square protruding mouth and a linear nose set between globular pierced eyes.
Male masks typical have a centred crest on the top of masks and its size varies on the status of the dancer wearing it, elder dances within the Bwadi bra African mask Kifwebe have a larger centred crest compared to others. Female Kifwebe masks were typically used for public ceremonies and reproduction rituals. Women within the songye community viewed the woman as the bearer of children and good fortune. To them, women representation of continuation of life and cultural tradition. The features of the female kifwebe African mask was meant to portray these ideas.
Typically they share similar characteristics as the male mask however it facial features are more gentle and rounded evoking the tenderness of a mother as well as the power to protect and support her children. The structure of the face longs, the mask itself is covered in white paint or Kaolin.
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