This was followed by north and southeast expansion until 1840 under Kumwimbe Ngombe and then to the northwest and northeast from 1840 to 1870 under Ilunga Kabale. The empire began to diminish after his death in 1870 as Arab slave traders and European invaders challenged notions of Luba supremacy in the region contributing to the decline of Luba power. During the height of its reign, the Luba empire operated on a complex system of tributes which acted to redistribute wealth throughout the region. The ruling class had a virtual monopoly on trade items such as salt, copper, and iron ore, which allowed them to continue their dominance.Most citizens of the empire relied on slash and burn farming for subsistence. This was supplemented with fishing and hunting. The importance of hunting was reinforced by social institutions, which celebrated the fortunes of good hunters. The Luba empire was characterized by centralized authority vested in a mulopwe (sacred king). This king enforced his power through the control of subordinate regional leaders who normally inherited their status based on their positions within various patriclans.
The mulopwes power was reinforced by a royal diviner who was responsible for formally initiating him into his royal position. Numerous institutions existed to counterbalance the absolute power of the king. The best known of these institutions is the Mbudye society, whose members are responsible for remembering the history of the kingdom and whose interpretations of history could often influence the actions of active rulers.The primary religion was based on veneration of the ancestors and involved paying tribute to the spirits. The Luba royalty incorporated religious elements into the justification for their rule. Like the monarchies of western Europe, the position of the Luba king was seen as divinely inspired and directly correlated with the genesis myth for the people. As such, the investiture of the kings power was represented in a complex coronation ritual involving religious confirmation from a diviner. Democratic Republic of the Congo. Chokwe, Ndembu, Kaonde, Bemba, Tabwa, Hemba, Songye, Lunda. 15 USD I reduce to 10 USD. 20 USD I reduced to 14 USD. 25 USD I reduce to 16 USD. 30 USD I reduce to 20 USD. 35 USD I reduce to 25 USD. 40 USD I reduce to 29 USD. 45 USD I reduced to 30 USD. 50 USD I reduce to 34 USD. 55 USD I reduce to 37 USD. 60 USD I reduce to 41 USD. 65 USD I reduce to 43 USD. 70 USD I reduce to 46 USD. 75 USD I reduce to 49 USD. 80 USD I reduce to 55 USD.
I also look the combine weight and reduce further where possible. The item "African Tribal Art nice very old heavy Luba Stool from katanga region, DRC" is in sale since Sunday, March 21, 2021. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\African\1900-Now\Masks". The seller is "eastafricaart" and is located in Umujyi wa Kigali.This item can be shipped worldwide.